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Alfalfa

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a herbaceous plant belonging to the legume or bean family that is commonly used in the production of animal feed. This bean is able to synthesize atmospheric nitrogen and provide a great wealth of high-quality fibre and protein. As a result, it has long been highly valued by agriculturists and farmers, who use it to feed their livestock, particularly ruminants. It has become an almost indispensable element of many animals diet.

Alfalfa

Nutritional Value of Alfalfa

Alfalfa is an excellent fodder plants that contains high levels of quality proteins, minerals and vitamins. Its energy value is also extremely high, as it is correlated to the nitrogenised content of the fodder. Moreover, it is a sources of minerals such as calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, sulphur, etc. The high levels of beta-carotenes (precursors of Vitamin A) affect bovine reproduction. At Industrias Ralda, we provide dehydrated alfalfa and alfalfa hay in a range of formats to feed all types of livestock.

Properties

1. It retains all the carotenes, vitamins and properties of the alfalfa hay. 2. It maintains all the protein and fibre. 3. It has the same colour as the original plant. 4. It has great nutritional value. 5. It is appealing and easily digestible for the animal. 6. It is ideal for all types of livestock, particularly high-producing dairy cows.

DEHYDRATED ALFALFA

This is alfalfa that has been chopped and dried (by hot air). As the alfalfa is dried in a trommel, the leaf crumbles slightly and, depending on the corresponding cut, it ends up fairly fine (like flour). Subsequently, in the pressing process to make the bales, the leaves tend to move to the outer part of the bale, in the form of flour.

Product format

At Industrias Ralda, we offer our customers this product in the following formats:

  • In rectangular bales of 200-300 kg.
  • In pellets of 6-8 mm.

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Composition

Crude fat 0.4-1%
Crude Protein 4-6%
Crude Fibre 6-9%
Ash 2.5-4%
NFEM 65-70%
Reducing sugars 35-42%
Glucose 20-22%
Sucrose 19-22%
Starch 1-2%
* Nitrogen-free extractive material

Nutritional characteristics

Gross energy 4.22Mcal/kg M. dry
Digestible energy(R) 3.4 Mcal/kg M.dry
Metabolizable energy(R) 2.9 Mcal/kg M.dry
FU* ruminants 95 Mcal /kg M. dry
FU* pigs 62 Mcal/kg M.dry
TDN* ruminants 67 Mcal/kg M. dry
TDN* pigs 66 Mcal/kg M.dry
*FU: Fodder unit *TDN: Total digestible nutrients

Percentage of use for different animals

Dairy cattle 3-6%
Adult bovine 5-15%
Beef cattle 10-25%
Sheep 5-20%
Goats 3-7%
Rabbits 5-30%
Horses 15-40%
Breeding sows 4-8%
Pigs 2-3%
Cats and dogs 2-12%

Energy contribution for different animals

Ruminants
Metabolizable energy 2.638 kcal/kg.
Net Energy 1.808 kcal/kg.
Rabbits
Digestible energy 3.080 kcal/kg.
Horses
Digestible energy 3.139 kcal/kg.
Pigs
Metabolizable energy 3.160 kcal/kg.
Digestible energy 3.213 kcal/kg.