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Carob

The carob is a legume that comes from the tree of the same name, with the seeds being characterized by having a high content of natural sugars, proteins and minerals (calcium, silica, iron and phosphorous). The seeds of the fruit are ground up to make locust bean gum, which is used as a thickening agent. The rest of the fruit is chopped and dried naturally, before being used as a high-quality food supplement for animals. Both in terms of its qualitative richness in fibres and tannins (polyphenols) and its natural medical properties, carob is indispensable in mixtures that strive to strengthen the use of natural products and improve quality. There are significant differences based in the variety of carob and the land on which it is grown. At Industrias Ralda, we primarily manufacture our products with the black variety of carob from our region (Tarragona): thick carob, that provides a pulp with a high sugar content and low fibre content.. As a result, our carob products have been awarded the GMP+ B2 certification for the production of raw materials for animal feed.

Carob

Kibbled carob larger than 8 mm

(also called 'cubes')

Standard kibbled carob

(6 to 20 mm approx.)

Kibbled carob

(4 to 8 mm approx.)

Kibbled carob under 4 mm

Kibbled carob under 2 mm

Carob seeds or locust beans

These products have a high energy value, particularly in the case of animals that are fatigued or which perform heavy labour, due to their content of reducing sugars, the digestibility of which is over 75%. The ratio between sucrose and glucose, which is not found in any other product, helps the assimilation of the protein contained in the products used in the blends. Meanwhile, it is a fantastic addition to mixtures intended for animal feed due to being extremely appealing, particularly in the case of horses, calves, lambs and pigs.. Carob is also widely used in dog and pet food. Especially in the case of dogs, it is commonly used because some of its properties are highly valued for the production of premium dry dog foods and special foods for puppies. The main reasons that carob is used in dog food are as follows:
  • It eliminates diarrhoea and bowel problems. It is very effective at remedying problems with soft faeces.
  • It increases the appeal and palatability of pellets and dry food for puppies.
  • It significantly increases the shine and volume of their fur.
  • In view of its chemical properties, including carob in feed blends improves the quality of output.
Another key feature is its natural astringent powers, thanks to its high tannin content.

Product format

At Industrias Ralda, we offer our customers this product in the following formats:

  • By weight
  • In big bags, 1,000 kg approx.
  • In 40 kg paper sacks on pallets.
  • In 25 kg bags on pallets.

Do you have doubts? Feel free to contact us

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(+34) 97 771 80 62

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Fabrication process

The carob Carob is harvested from the field between August and September each year. The farmers transport it to our facilities in Santa Bàrbara and we store it so that we can work throughout the year. The carob is left to rest for a few months so that it is dry enough to work on industrially. In the manufacturing process, the pods are broken in order to separate the seed from the rest of the fruit. It is a natural process and no type of chemical product is added and the fruit retains all its natural properties.

Nutritional properties

The largest component of carob flour is carbohydrates, particularly sucrose, which gives the powder a sweet taste. This makes it an excellent food in terms of energy. Fibres are extremely important and abundant in carob flours and, along with the carbohydrates, they produce a slow transformation of sugars throughout digestion.

Composition of carob pulp

Reducing sugars 35-42 %
Glucose 20-22 %
Sucrose 19-22 %
Crude fibre 6-9 %
Crude protein 4-6 %
Starch 1-2 %
Crude fat 0.4-1 %
Ash 2.5-4 %
*NFEM 65-70 %

*Nitrogen-free extractive material.

Nutritional characteristics

Gross energy 4.22 Mcal/kg M. dry
Digestible energy (R) 3.4 Mcal/kg M. dry
Metabolizable energy (R) 2.9 Mcal/kg M. dry
FU* ruminants 95 Mcal/kg M. dry
FU* pigs 62 Mcal/kg M. dry
TDN* ruminants 67 Mcal/kg M. dry
TDN* pigs 66 Mcal/kg M. dry

*FU: Fodder unit *TDN: Total digestible nutrients

Percentage of use for different animals

Dairy cattle 3-6 %
Adult bovine 5-15 %
Beef cattle 10-25 %
Sheep 5-20 %
Goats 3-7 %
Rabbits 5-30 %
Horses 15-40 %
Breeding sows 4-8 %
Pigs 2-3 %
Cats and dogs 2-12 %

Energy contribution for different animals

RUMINANTS
Metabolizable energy 5638 kcal/kg.
Net energy 1808 kcal/kg.
RABBITS
Digestible energy 3080 kcal/kg.
HORSES
Digestible energy 3139 kcal/kg.
PIGS
Metabolizable energy 3160 kcal/kg.
Digestible energy 3213 kcal/kg.

*General digestibility rate: 88%